There are numerous Alevi villages around Dalyan. Kemaliye, Marmarli and Fevziye to name a few. Alevi is the term used to describe people and the religion that form the largest minority within Turkey.
Alevis take many beliefs from Shia Islam, also Shaman, Sufi and Zoroastrian religions, going back 6,000 years. Their faith includes the worship of Ali, son in law of the Prophet along with God and the Prophet Muhammad. That said there are many conflicting views of what is and isn’t included within the religion. Presumably because this is a way of life as well as a religion, a folk religion. Different Alevi villages in Turkey have different beliefs and practices from each other.
Further differences are:
Fasting during the Ten Days of Muharram and not during Ramadan
Alevis do not prostrate themselves during prayer and do not face Mecca
Do not practice the Hajj
Use cemevleri that are similar to community town halls, do not go to mosques
Alevis “do not have obligatory formal almsgiving, although they have a strong principle of mutual assistance”
Do not to attribute great importance to theology
Alevis do not pray five times a day
Allows the consumption of pork and alcohol. Although this is rarely undertaken
Men and women to pray together although women should have their heads covered
Alevis have always been isolated within the mainstream communities. Often viewed with suspicion, they have tended to stay in small rural villages, mainly in Anatolia. There have been many persecutions of the Alevi people within Turkey
100 Alevis were killed in Maras in 1978 by members of the extreme right National Action Party.
In Sivas in July 1993, 67 Alevis were killed following an eight – hour siege of a hotel.
In March 1995 more than 20 Alevis were killed in Istanbul.
Alevis remain economically underprivileged.
You can discover more about this fascinating culture on our Discover Dalyan trip